In addition to developing a stance on generalizability, there will be at least three accompanying, practical concerns for case study researchers to attend to before embarking upon their cross-case analysis: Cohort Design Definition and Purpose Often used in the medical sciences, but also found in the applied social sciences, a cohort study generally refers to a study conducted over a period of time involving members of a population which the subject or representative member comes from, and who are united by some commonality or similarity.
However, not only the manifest content of the material is analyzed, but also so-called latent content as well as formal aspects of the material MAYRING, b, pp. Later, the concept was extended to include all those procedures which operate with categories, but which seek at least to quantify these categories by means of a frequency survey of classifications ibid.
The organisations have to choose one of the available techniques so that they can thoroughly conduct their investigations. Reliability refers to the stability, accuracy, and precision of measurement.
It is harder to do than conducting conventional research because the researcher takes on responsibilities of advocating for change as well as for researching the topic.
There are substantial methodological differences between these approaches. This means causality can only be inferred, never proven. The cases are indexed chronologically as well as by tags.
At memory retrieval time, when the person is engaged in a new situation, a memory probe searches through the index for cases that are similar to the new one. According to JOHANSSONRobert YIN followed this progress, and drawing on scientific approaches to research gained from his background in the social sciences, applied experimental logic to naturalistic inquiry, and blended this with qualitative methods, further bridging the methodological gap and strengthening the methodological quality of case study research.
Therefore, qualitative methods are often used when the field of research is yet not well understood or unknown and aim at generating new hypotheses and theories, while quantitative methods are frequently used for testing hypotheses and evaluating theories cf.
Post-positivism is evident in how he defines "case study as a form of empirical inquiry" p. Introduction Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings.
Inductive, analogical, and communicative generalization. After investigators are trained, the final advance preparation step is to select a pilot site and conduct a pilot test using each data gathering method so that problematic areas can be uncovered and corrected.
The length and complexity of describing research designs in your paper can vary considerably, but any well-developed design will achieve the following: A case study of social history. It consists of a set of interpretive, material practices that make the world visible.
Knowledge generated from the research process is relative to the time and context of the study and the researcher is interactive and participates in the study.
Like other forms of qualitative research, the researcher will seek to explore, understand and present the participants' perspectives and get close to them in their natural setting CRESWELL, Foundational Concepts While over time the contributions of researchers from varied disciplines have helped to develop and strengthen case study research, the variety of disciplinary backgrounds has also added complexity, particularly around how case study research is defined, described, and applied in practice.
These features are detected on both English and Arabic legal documents. Commonly used case materials include articles that were composed for the explicit purpose of informing case discussion, secondary works initially produced for other purposes, historical documents, artifacts, video programs, and audio programs.
An Aristotelian resolution of the idiographic versus nomothetic tension. Advantages of cross-case analysis that emerge from these techniques are: Advance preparation assists in handling large amounts of data in a documented and systematic fashion. Development of tentative theories or hypotheses.
The four conditions or tests are cf.
This allows them to engage in inferential and analogical reasoning. Thus, for example, if a researcher were interested in US resistance to communist expansion as a theoretical focus, then the Korean War might be taken to be the subject, the lens, the case study through which the theoretical focus, the object, could be viewed and explicated.
For example, you cannot deliberately expose people to asbestos, you can only study its effects on those who have already been exposed.Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) spans a spectrum of topics from (i) materials, devices, circuits, and processors through (ii) control, signal processing, and systems analysis to (iii) software, computation, computer systems, and networking.
Machine Learning Foundations: A Case Study Approach from University of Washington. Do you have data and wonder what it can tell you? Do you need a deeper understanding of the core ways in which machine learning can improve your business?
descriptive designs typically are an eclectic but reasonable combination of sampling, and data collection, analysis, and re-presentation techniques. Qualitative descriptive study is the method of choice when straight descrip.
Element. Description. The case. Object of the case study identified as the entity of interest or unit of analysis. Program, individual, group, social situation, organization, event, phenomena, or process.
Although case study methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are Case study research, through reports of past studies, allows the exploration and understanding In this case, descriptive theory was used to examine the depth and scope of the case under study.
The Department of Afro-American Studies is committed to bringing academic research to the broadest possible audience, within and beyond the walls of the university. The department believes that the deepest understanding of the complex reality of race in America requires a truly interdisciplinary approach, one that draws on history and literature, the social sciences and the arts.Download